Taking into consideration the health care environments in Morocco, it is possible to that stress that this country has faced extremely high mortality rates among children and adults. In other words, the research project is primarily focused on high mortality rates in order to identify, review, and evaluate the drawbacks of Morocco’s health care system that have to be addressed by the governmental authorities of this country.
Despite the fact that the Ministry of Public Health in Morocco states that this country has made an incredible progress in the sphere of health care, the mortality rates among adult individuals and children are still very high. For instance, effective health insurance schemes, well-developed family planning, and safe vaccination of children have given the chance to decrease the mortality rates among inhabitants of Morocco. Moreover, the government of this country usually allocates approximately 5 % of the GDP to sustain the quality of health care facilities. At the same time, according to the results of statistics provided by the UN, circulatory system diseases are the main causes of mortality rates among people who live in Morocco. In addition, various perinatal diseases cause approximately 9, 5 % of deaths. Finally, endocrinological, respiratory, and metabolic health disorders drastically increase the mortality rates, especially among adult populations.
According to the estimations of the Morocco’s minister of health, such health disorders as diphtheria, malaria, and, finally, polio are the most health-threatening diseases that increase the mortality rates among children in Morocco. Thus, having identified and assessed the major risk factors that considerably increase the mortality rates among adults and children in Morocco, it is possible to infer that the key objective of this study is associated with highlighting effective strategies that can enhance the quality of health care in this country and decrease the mortality rates.
Health Priorities in Morocco
Many scholars and activists claim that Moroccan health system has faced severe challenges that contribute to high mortality rates among children and adult individuals. According to the research data, health care system of Morocco is in distress because of numerous reasons, especially poor access to water as well as sanitation, malnutrition, insufficient numbers of hospital beads and qualified physicians, extremely low vaccination rates among adults and children, unequal access to high-quality health care services, lack of patient education, and, finally, absence of essential medicines.
To begin with, significant percentage of poor rural populations does not have access to basic maternal as well as child care services and effective immunization programs. Consequently, these people do not have opportunity to treat chronic diseases that increase the mortality rates. Taking into consideration the statistical data, the level of effective use of health care services is, in approximately 50% of cases, directly linked to financial support. The majority of public hospitals in Morocco suffer because of numerous inefficiencies, including non-satisfactory management, inefficient allocation of resources, outdated equipment, degrading quality of care services, inadequate amount of experienced and skilled health care providers, and many others. Consequently, the quality of public hospitals, compared to private health care facilities, is considerably low.
Furthermore, current health care system in Morocco has faced ineffective development, management, and distribution of human resources. Firstly, extension of Moroccan hospital infrastructure increases the need in professional health care providers and volunteers who can effectively cope with the sharp increase in the demand of care. In addition, in order to enliven public hospitals and increase their performance, governmental authorities should promote transparent management strategies and professional programs for high-quality education or training. In addition, it is believed that absenteeism and corruption aggravate the tension and contribute to high mortality rates among the Moroccan people.
Implementation of well-developed social programs will positively influence the decreased mortality rates because it will motivate the health care personnel to work with increased effectiveness and not to violate personal responsibilities and duties. According to the research data provided by the World Health Organization, absence of effective medicine policies, outdated equipment and appliances, inefficient connection with rural communities, and lack of immunization practices are the major threats that increase the mortality rates among the inhabitants of Morocco.
According to the estimations of H. Louardi who holds the position of the health minister in Morocco, the standards and quality of care for the countries with approximately 33 million inhabitants are far from adequate or appropriate. Moreover, the health minister believes that public hospitals should be renovated and modernized because they lack not only experienced and educated personnel, but medicine and equipment as well. Despite the level of governmental spending corresponds to the norm as annual spending in the sphere of health care is equal to $147% per person, corruption is the major threat that prevents money from getting to where they are really needed. In addition, the researchers have come to conclusions that lack of vaccinations in Morocco against such common diseases as whooping cough, flu, measles, and, finally, tuberculosis contribute to extremely high death rates among children. However, such simple methods of motivating mothers to use ORT, educating parents about significance of immunization for health of their children, distribution of vitamins, influential immunization campaigns can save lives of thousands of children in Morocco.
As a result, having shed light on the current medical issues in Morocco that contribute to high mortality rates among children and adult individuals, it is possible to infer that inadequate equipment in public hospitals, poor immunization rates, ineffective management of hospitals, non-satisfactory percentage of highly-skilled and experienced medical personnel, absence of efficient medicine policies, corruption, and poor quality of health care services are the major threats that increase the mortality rates among the Moroccan people.